Sometimes treating diseases of the digestive or urinary systems involves removing all or part of the small intestine, colon, rectum or bladder. In such cases, a new way is created to allow waste to leave the body.
Surgery to create the new opening in the abdomen is called an ostomy. The new opening is called a stoma.
Types of Ostomies
Ileostomy: After surgical removal of the colon and rectum, the small intestine (ileum) is attached to the stoma. An ileostomy is a surgical opening constructed by bringing the end or loop of small intestine (the ileum) out onto the surface of the skin.
Colostomy: A colostomy is a surgical opening constructed by drawing the healthy end of the large intestine or colon out to the surface of the skin.
Urostomy: A urostomy is a stoma (artificial opening) for the urinary system.