The Laboratory at Phelps is divided into separate sections, depending on the technology being used or the specific type of testing being done. Clinical Chemistry concentrates on tests done on the fluid portion of blood, as well as some other bodily fluids. Hematology looks at the cellular components of blood and coagulation involved in clotting. Microbiology deals with infectious diseases, which can include diseases caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, parasites, or tuberculosis. The Blood Bank deals with transfusions. Phlebotomy collects blood specimens for testing. Histology and Cytology deal with anatomic pathology.
Staffed by pathologists, lab technologists and lab technicians, Phelps’ Lab has 40 – 45 full-time employees, and an additional 20 – 25 part-timers. The lab is in operation 24/7. Aside from being able to cross match units of blood and arrange for blood transfusions, the lab is always ready to accept specimens for culture, cardiac enzymes, drug monitoring, and basic testing such as coagulation testing, complete blood count (CBC), electrolytes, and chemistry assays.